UNO HAKE Shoe Brush
UNO HAKE Shoe Brush
Materials: Goat hair / Zelkova wood
Place of Origin: Tokyo, Japan
Series: shoes brush mountain wool
Usage: For shoes care.
Uno Hake brushes started their business in 1917. Currently Ms. Chieko Uno wiorks with her daughter Michiyo to continue their family craft.
“Hake” are brushes formed by two separate pieces of wood that bind the hair and the hair fibers are planted by hand inside the wooden holes and strung together. After this the hairs are cut to symmetry.
These brushes have been modernized to have an array of modern uses. For home use, to clean your face, body, clothes, shoes, etc.
To achieve this the animal hairs need to be chosen and prepared for each product. If pig, horse, goat, boar hair has a different texture. Each hair needs to be treated with oil. The mother and daughter of the Uno family have a history with these materials and create products suitable for each occasion.
History and Charateristics
Brush production (of so-called "western brushes") commenced in Japan around the 7th year of the Meiji Era (1874). At the time, brushes made in France were used as product examples. In the 10th year of the Meiji Era (1877), the First National Industrial Exhibition was held at Ueno Park, with a display of western-style brushes being very well-received. Following on, craftsmen who had traditionally made Japanese brushes began to get involved in the manufacture of western brushes. Production started off with horse hair being used for bristle holes being using hand gimlets.
Because hand-inserted bristles in such brushes run together in that they are all pulled down by an internal metal were called a "pulling string," they are more robust than bristles in machine-made brushes bristles are directly inserted into each individual hole (and they are not secured by a "pulling string").
Traditional Technologies and Techniques
1.Processing of base wood：The Base wood is cut and planed down.
2.Marking：A template is placed over the wooden base of the brush and the bristle insertion positions are maeked out using ink.
3.Creation of bristle holes：Bristle holes are made at the points marked in ink on the base wood.
4.Bristle cutting：The bristles are cut to a specific length.
5.Bristle mixing：Bristles are mixed by hand so that the (soft) tips and (hard) roots are aligned identically.
6.Sorting by hand：Short bristles, bristles with irregular shapes and other problematic strands are removed.
7.Bristle insertion：Predetermined clump quanitities of bristles are picked out precisely and folded in two, and a metal wire is passed through and drawn along the center of the wood to pull the bristles firmly down into the bristle holes.
8.Cover attachment：A thin, wooden cover piece is attached to hide the metal wires and make the product easier to use.
9.Base wood finishing：①The size of the main body and attached cover are made uniform and the physical feel of the product when held is improved. ②Grooves are added to the side portions to make the product easier to hold.
10.Bristle trimming：The bristle tips are trimmed to achieve a uniform, predetermined bristle length throughout.
11.Finishing：The Product's surfaces are painted uniformly.